New Orleans-Style Muffuletta

When you visit New Orleans, a “must do” activity is to visit the Central Grocery Store in the French Quarter and purchase a muffuletta sandwich for lunch. This Italian po-boy is unique to New Orleans; not found anywhere else. Last fall, my son and I purchased a muffuletta and walked to the Mississippi River for a leisurely lunch. The po-boy boasts a unique Italian olive salad spread. Here’s how to make your own.Eating Sandwich along Mississippi River - IMG_5234

New Orleans-style Muffuletta

A muffuletta is an Italian-style po-boy which is unique to New Orleans. It is made with a crusty round Italian bread loaf topped with sesame seeds and filled with meat, cheese and a delicious olive salad spread.Central Grocery - Sandwich - IMG_5231

Central Grocery Store

My son and I purchased our muffuletta at the Central Grocery Store on Decatur Street in New Orleans in the French Quarter. This is a interesting grocery store, full of imported foods and novelty items. Inside there was a line of both tourists and locals waiting to purchase po-boys. Central Grocery Store - 2 - IMG_5225

When we arrived at the cashier, the clerk handed us a half-muffuletta loaf wrapped in paper. (The sandwiches are always sold wrapped in some sort of newspaper or butchers paper.) The clerk didn’t even asking how much we wanted. Guess he knew from experience–and a fourth of a loaf turned out to be just the right amount for each of us. The store is a couple of blocks from Jackson Square, The French Market and the Mississippi River. We walked to the levee on a warm, breezy autumn afternoon and ate our sandwiches.Sandwich along Mississippi River - IMG_5233

Historical Origins of the Muffuletta

New Orleans is a melting pot of individuals from many countries and cultures. Around the turn of the century, the city had a large influx of immigrants from Sicily who were fleeing their country due to hard times. These immigrants were merchants, they worked on the docks, they were street peddlers with push-carts. Some were bakers and others were farmers who sold their produce at the French Quarter Farmer’s Market.

Although many groceries, restaurants and deli stores sell muffuletta sandwiches today, the Central Grocery claims to be the originator in 1906. Dana Logsdon, of New Orleans Historical,  wrote a nice summary.

“One such grocer was Mr. Salvatore Lupo, of Central Grocery store, who is widely credited with making the first muffaletta sandwich in 1906. According to his daughter, Marie Lupo Tusa, farmers would stop in at her father’s shop at lunchtime, buy a loaf of muffuletto bread, sliced cold cuts, olives and cheese, and eat them standing up or balanced on their laps. In order to make it easier for customers to hold everything, Mr. Lupo decided to put all the ingredients together on a sandwich. The sandwich was not called by the name “muffaletta” at first, but eventually, the name of the bread carried over to the name of the sandwich.”

Dana Logsdon, “Muffaletta Sandwich,” New Orleans Historical, accessed February 10, 2016,

Muffuletta Sandwich

And so we have had muffuletta sandwiches in this city for over a hundred years. There are many spellings to “muffuletta” and many explanations as to the origins of the word — a type of Italian bread loaf (muffoletta), a type of mold–(“muff”), the scrapings from the bottom of olive barrels on the docks (John Folse’s explanation). For consistency, I’ll use the Central Grocery spelling of muffuletta.

What goes in a muffuletta sandwich? Here are the Central Grocery ingredients:Central Grocery Store - Inside - 2 - IMG_5229

Of course the sandwich has to have salami and ham. Italian cheese, Provolone cheese, is an essential ingredient. Mortadella is an Italian cold cut or sausage. Emmental Swiss cheese is a medium-hard yellow Swiss cheese.

Olive Salad Spread

The key to the sandwich, in my opinion, is the olive salad. This marinated salad spread soaks into the course-textured Italian bread adding a unique olive taste. It compliments the deli meats and cheese. The spread is sold in grocery stores in New Orleans and the surrounding area. It consists of marinated vegetables–carrots, celery, cauliflower and onions–as well as olives, olive oil and seasonings.Central Grocery Olive Spread - IMG_7213

Make your own Muffuletta Po-boy

It’s not difficult to make your own muffuletta po-boy. My husband tasted the sandwich that I had made and thought it tasted identical to the one sold at the Central Grocery. I adapted the meats, cheese and olive salad to my tastes. Still it tastes remarkably similar to the original one.

Start with a loaf of round Italian bread. Locally, this bread is sold in Italian grocery stores and bakeries–such as Gambino’s Bakery. If you don’t have round loaves, then traditional elongated French bread can be used.Italian Round Bread Loaves - IMG_7120

Select the meats and cheese. These can be adapted to taste. Italian cold cuts such as salami and mortadella are traditional ones, but leaner meats such as smoked turkey can be used. For this sandwich, I used salami, ham and Provolone cheese.Meat and Cheese - IMG_7147

Make the olive salad spread. The olive salad traditionally has green and black olives, carrots, celery, cauliflower, onions, pepperoncini peppers, capers, olive oil and seasonings. But the spread can be adapted to a person’s tastes. I’m just not exited about carrots and celery in the spread and omitted them. Here are the vegetables that I used.Peppers and Vegetables in Olive Oil Spread - IMG_7122

And here are the olives, olive oil, vinegar and seasonings for my olive salad and olive oil dressing.Olive Oil Dressing Ingredients - IMG_7127

Chop up the vegetables and olives so that they are about the same size and toss to combine.Olive Spread Ingredients - mix - 2 - IMG_7144

Add the olive oil, vinegar and seasonings. Combine and allow this to chill and marinate for 2 hours or overnight (if possible). Here is my olive salad.Homemae Olive Salad Spread - IMG_7171

In addition to muffuletta sandwiches, the spread can be used as a dressing with pasta or a lettuce salad.

To make the sandwich, slice the round loaf crosswise. Here it is easy to see the porous or course texture of the bread.Sliced Italian round bread - IMG_7146

Layer on the olive salad spread, meat and cheeses. A loaf easily serves four people. So figure about 2 oz meat and 1 oz cheese per person, or 8 oz meat and 4 to 8 oz cheese total. This seems like alot of meat and cheese, but if you skimp, you will be eating just bread.Sandwich meats layered on - IMG_7150

I like toasted, hot sandwiches, so I broiled/toasted the bread and meat in the oven (just like a Subway sandwich). Alternately, the sandwich can be served cold. Either way, combine the halves, cut in fourths, walk down to the Mississippi River (or outside) and enjoy a homemdae muffuletta sandwich.Muffuletto Sandwich - cut - 2 - IMG_7153

Homemade Muffuletta with Italian Olive Salad Spread by MayleesKitchen

  • Difficulty: easy
  • Print

Muffuletta Sandwich Ingredients:

  • 9″ – 10″ round loaf of Italian bread (8 oz loaf)
  • 4 oz sliced salami
  • 4 oz sliced ham
  • 4 oz Provolone cheese
  • 1 cup Italian Olive Salad Spread (purchased or  homemade)
  • Olive oil for drizzling on bread

Italian Olive Salad Spread Ingredients:

  • 1/3 cup marinated pearl onions, drained
  • 1/3 cup marinated cauliflower, drained
  • 2 Tbsp capers, drained
  • 2 pepperoncini peppers, drained
  • 2 sweet banana peppers, drained
  • 1/2 cup chopped black olives, drained
  • 1/2 cup sliced green olives with pimentos, drained
  • 1/2 cup olive oil
  • 2 Tbsp red wine vinegar
  • 1/2 tsp dried thyme
  • 1/4 tsp dried basil
  • 1/4 tsp ground oregano
  • 1/4 tsp celery salt

Method and Steps for Italian Olive Salad Spread (makes 2 cups):

  1. With a small food processor/chopper or by hand, chop marinated pearl onions into bite size pieces. Chop cauliflower into small pieces. Set onions and cauliflower aside.
  2. Slice pepperoncini peppers and sweet banana peppers lengthwise, remove seeds. Chop finely.
  3. In a medium bowl toss and combine chopped black olives, sliced green olives with pimentos, chopped pearl onions and cauliflower, chopped pepperoncini peppers and sweet banana peppers.
  4. For the dressing, in another bowl combine olive oil, red wine vinegar, thyme, basil, oregano and celery salt. Whisk to combine the dressing and pour over the combined salad ingredients. Cover and marinate in refrigerator for 2 hours or overnight.

To assemble muffuletta sandwich:

  1. Slice the loaf of round Italian bread crosswise. Place halves, cut side up, on baking sheet
  2. On one half, spread on 1 cup Olive Salad Spread. On the other half, drizzle on olive oil.
  3. Arrange slices of salami and ham on each half.
  4. Place the baking sheet with the sandwich on oven rack, 6″ from heat. Broil until the meat is hot and the bread is toasted.
  5. Add on the Provolone cheese and broil for 30 seconds – 1 minute until the cheese is melted.
  6. Remove from oven, combine the two halves together. Slice into fourths. Serve.

Homemade Muffuletta - IMG_7158


Dana Logsdon, “Muffaletta Sandwich,” ,accessed February 10, 2016,

The Evolution of Cajun and Creole Cuisine, by Chef John. D. Folse, CEC ©1989, Chef John Folse and Company, Publishing, Gonzales, Louisiana.

First posted 3 July 2003 at 1840 GMTLast updated 26 July 2003 at 0022 GMT By Joe O’Connell, Research Specialist  
© 2003 Muffoletta LTD. 
The History of Muffoletta

“What is on the Muffaletta Sandwich” Copyright © 2006-2015, Inc.,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s